SMD are similar. A massive variety of SMD packages is present. For working with the surface-mount box, you usually need a custom printed circuit board (PCB) made for them, which has a matching pattern of copper on which they’re soldered.
There is a wide variety of SMD packages available in the market, and a user can use them according to the convenience of the electronic component.
1、Surface Mount Discrete Resistors
There are two main surface mount resistors: thick film and thin film.
Thick Film Surface Mount Resistors:
This SMD is constructed by screening resistive film ruthenium dioxide-based paste or similar material on a flat, high-purity alumina substrate surface instead of depositing the resistive film on a round core as axial resistors.
Image 1: Surface Mount
In Thin Film Resistors:
These are constructed on a ceramic substrate with a protective coating, also known as a glass coating, with silver deposited as a thick film paste on the ceramic substrate on the terminators.
A resistor has a colored resistive layer with a protective coating and a white base material on the other side.
Thus the outer appearance offers a simple way to distinguish between resistors and capacitors.
The resistor networks or R-packs are commonly used to replace a series of discrete resistors. This saves real estate and placement time.
Image 2: Surface Mount
Surface Mount--Ceramic Capacitors for SMT
Surface mount capacitors are another critical type of SMD package, ideal for high-frequency circuit usage.
It does not have any leads and can be placed underneath the container on the opposite side of the PCB.
The application Surface mount capacitors are the decoupling applications and for frequency control.
Leadless Ceramic Chip Carriers (LCCC):
LCCC has gold-plated, groove-shaped terminations known as castellation that provide shorter signal paths allowing higher operating frequencies.
The LCCs can be divided into different families depending on the pitch of the package. The most common is 50 mil ceramic leaded chip carrier families. Others are 40,25and, 20 mil families.
Image 3: Surface Mount