Blog  /  Remote Kill Switch: A Wireless Battery Power Kill Switch

Remote Kill Switch: A Wireless Battery Power Kill Switch

The ability to cut off the power supply remotely is handy in several applications, especially in anti-theft car systems. It can also be ideal for car hire or fleet management, where you can turn off vehicles if they go beyond a preset range. So if you have a project requiring a remote kill switch, here's how you build the device.

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What is a Remote Kill Switch?

A kill switch is a device installed in a vehicle to stop it from starting until disengaged. The device usually has a button to disable the system by closing a circuit to enable electricity to flow into a car's ignition system. It could operate using other mechanisms, such as cutting the fuel supply.

A vehicle’s ignition system

A vehicle’s ignition system

Remote kill switches disengage the system remotely. But in most cases, these devices turn off cars or cut off the power supply remotely to switch off the vehicle.

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How a Remote Kill Switch Works

Commercial remote kill switches usually have built-in GPS modules to help track the vehicle and turn it off from anywhere. However, short-range remote kill switches, such as for toys, can use radio transmitters and receivers to enable communication between the handheld switch and the circuit in the vehicle.

This remote device generally falls under the kill switch category, under which there are five types.

Types of Kill Switches

The five kill switch types include the following.

Fuel Line Shut-Off Valve

As the name suggests, this motor vehicle kill switch keeps fuel from getting to the engine. The motor will still crank but will not have enough juice to get it running.

Fuel lines in a vehicle

Fuel lines in a vehicle

This anti-theft system replaces a part of the fuel line, and you control it by turning a knob. Fuel will flow to the engine in the open position but will not flow through in the closed position.

Fuse Box Kill Switch

This device cuts power to the fuse box using a switch. You can run wires to it, which enables you to hide the switching mechanism inside the cabin. The device is ideal for the daily driver because working with it is easier and more convenient.

A car’s fuse box

A car’s fuse box

Car Battery Disconnect Switch

A battery disconnect switch works by cutting off the negative battery terminal and reconnecting it to regulate power flow. The device could be a knob, an on/off switch, or require keys to disengage. Therefore, the car will not crank because power does not reach the starter.

A car battery disconnect knob

A car battery disconnect knob

Ignition Wire Kill Switch

This kill switch goes directly to the source, creating an open circuit in the ignition wire. Like a fuse box kill switch, you can wire this device and place it in any hidden spot inside the car. And similar to the fuse box and battery power kill switch, the ignition wire kill switch makes the vehicle seem like it has a dead battery because it won't crank.

Yellow ignition wires on an engine

Yellow ignition wires on an engine

Remote Control Car Battery Switch

A remote control car battery switch sits along the power line from the battery. But instead of a knob or switch, you engage or disengage the system using a remote control transmitter. So there's no need to install hidden kill switches, and you can turn it on immediately if you detect suspicious activity.

The device uses an electromagnetic solenoid valve terminal and hooks to the negative terminal like the car battery disconnect switch. This magnet moves a piece of metal inside that opens and closes the circuit to operate the power-killing mechanism.

How To Build a Remote Kill Switch

You need the following components to build this project.

  • Automotive relay
  • Radio receiver and transmitter (from a wireless doorbell, walkie-talkies, etc.)
  • Three resistors (1kΩ, 3.3kΩ, and 10kΩ)
  • 741 op-amp IC
741 op-amp chips

741 op-amp chips

  • Power MOSFET
  • 100 µF capacitor
  • Two 1-amp diodes
  • Small sliding switch
  • Breadboard or circuit board
  • Jumper wires
  • Glue
  • Heat shrink tubing
  • Quick disconnect connectors

You will also need the following tools

  • Knife
  • Screwdriver
  • Wire strippers
  • Soldering iron

The transmitter and receiver are critical in a remote kill switch so get those with the longest possible range. Next, modify the receiver because you need to connect the positive and negative terminal wires to the control circuit.

If using a walkie-talkie, cut the speaker wires, strip the ends, then link them as shown in the circuit diagram below. Also, remove the call button from the walkie-talkie.

Walkie-talkies

Walkie-talkies

The Control/Cut-Off Circuit

This circuit uses a 741 op-amp to monitor the receiver's output. The 1kΩ and 3.3kΩ resistors connected in series form the voltage divider, creating a reference voltage the op-amp uses for comparison. You might have to change these resistors to calibrate the receiver. So when the output voltage from the receiver exceeds the reference voltage, the op-amp switches to high and activates the relay.

A cut-off circuit wiring diagramA cut-off circuit wiring diagram

The capacitor, diode, and resistor in the control circuit's input filter out the noise and smoothen the control signal pulses from the receiver to prevent rapid on/off switching. Power comes from a 12V battery pack.

If the control circuit and receiver require a battery and operate at the same voltage, wire them together in parallel. However, if they use different voltages, use a voltage regulator to lower the voltage of the control circuit battery to match that of the receiver, then connect and power them using one battery.

An automotive relay switch

An automotive relay switch

Modify the Transmitter

If your transmitter has a momentary switch, replace it with a latching switch so that it can stay on without needing to hold down the button. After soldering the latching switch, use heat shrink tubing to insulate the power connections. You might have to cut a slot in the walkie-talkie housing to fit this switch, then stick it in place using glue. Ensure you don't glue any of the moving parts.

Install the Remote Kill Switch

Install the remote kill switch along the power line in the vehicle. For instance, you can place it between one of the wires that power the car wheels (motor) in a power wheels car. Ensure you connect the relay terminals to these electric wires using the normally open terminal.

An electric toy car for kids

An electric toy car for kids

Once connected, the control circuit will disconnect the battery when it activates the relay. So if the car goes beyond the transmitter's range, the lack of an incoming signal will cause the control circuit to activate the relay and cut off the power supply.

Mount the receiver and control circuit inside the vehicle and keep the transmitter on hand. If your boy has a small power wheels car, you can use this device to keep him from going off limits.

Conclusion

In conclusion, remote kill switches are arguably the easiest to use, safest, and most convenient kill switches among the five types. And they are easy to build. If you require a circuit board to make your device look professional and more compact, get in touch for more details. Were always happy to help.      

Special Offer: $1 for 5 PCB Assemblies!

One requirement only: Order must be placed using a company account.
Please email [email protected] for details.
Special Offer: $1 for 5 PCB Assemblies!