What is Minecraft?Minecraft is the biggest game in the world. It is a sandbox game with no defined missions. It gives you multiple biomes (mountains, beaches, beaches) and several blocks from which you can extract and discover raw materials. These materials help you build tools, machines, structures, and earthworks to develop your world and maintain health.
The Minecraft game
How to Play Minecraft on the Raspberry PiYou will install Minecraft Pi Edition (the version specifically built for the Raspberry Pi). It is the bare-bones version of Minecraft because it runs on the old game world format, with a maximum block size of 256 x 256 x 128. Additionally, the game is in creative mode only, and there are no mobs.
- Raspberry Pi (either 1, 2, 3, or 4)
A Raspberry Pi computer
- Power supply
- MicroSD card
- WiFi or an ethernet cable
- USB keyboard and mouse
- HDMI cable
- Raspberry Pi case (optional)
Installing Minecraft for your Raspberry PiNewer Raspberry Pi OS versions usually have Minecraft installed, so check under "Main Menu > Games" first. If not installed, update and upgrade all current packages by running the following commands on the terminal window: After that, download and install the Minecraft Pi Edition using this setup script. This command will also install all the required python libraries. However, this step requires an active internet connection.
Running Minecraft on your Raspberry PiOnce installation is complete, launch the game. After it loads, click the "start game" button, then the "create new" button to create your game world. Minecraft will generate the world, and the player (you) spawns immediately into it.
Interacting with Minecraft through PythonThis part is by far the best thing about the Minecraft Pi Edition. You can type your lines of code in Raspberry Pi's nano text editor or use dedicated code editors like Visual Studio. However, we will use the nano text editor for this interaction. Begin by typing After that, import the Minecraft python code library using the following library. Next, create a link to the Minecraft client using the create function. If you want to text in the chat, use the postToChat function by running this script. Save the code file by pressing "ctrl + x" then "y." Since the filename is minecraft.py, run the code by typing the following command on the terminal. You should see the text "Hello World!" in the game.
Various Functions of the Minecraft Python APIYou can use various functions to interact with the special edition Minecraft, such as the following.
Find the Player's PositionYou can retrieve the player's location using the following python code line. The playerPos variable can get the player's x, y, and z coordinates using playerPos.x, playerPos.y, and playerPos.z. Alternatively, you can use python's unpacking feature to store these variables separately from the getPos() function using this line of code.
A Minecraft player (default avatar) and several biomes (jungles, dry and green plains)Source: Wikimedia Commons
Player TeleportingPlayer teleportation uses the setPos() function. For instance, these lines of code teleport the player vertically by 20 blocks in the virtual world. The player should appear in the air and then drop down when you run this script.
Block SettingThe API also allows you to manipulate blocks using the setBlock() function, which has the format setBlock(x, y, z, blockID). You can spawn a block position in the following way. This code places a stone block one position away from the player horizontally. Once you run the script, the stone should appear directly next to you, and you might have to spin the camera to see it. Here is a list of the types of blocks with their IDs to use for this function.
Multiple Block SettingYou can also set multiple blocks using the setBlocks() function. It takes seven arguments, six for the positions, and one block ID. The first three position markers define the starting area, while the last three show the endpoint for block setting. For instance, to create a block of bricks, use the following script.
A Minecraft blockSource: Pixabay Running this code should create a giant 6x6x6 block of bricks close to the player.
Multiple blocks in Minecraft