Blog  /  Finger Sensors: Types, Construction Forms, Applications, and More

Finger Sensors: Types, Construction Forms, Applications, and More

Changes to company policies, data protection laws, and cyberattacks have led to greater advancement in security systems. And one such system is biometric authentication technology such as Finger Sensors. 

But first, today’s article looks at fingerprint sensors, types, construction forms, and applications. Read on.

 

What Is a Finger Sensor?

 

Fingerprint Scan for Unlock Door Security System 

Fig 1: Fingerprint Scan for Unlock Door Security System 

 

A fingerprint sensor or scanner is a biometric technology that identifies and authenticates an individual’s fingerprint. It then compares it to fingerprints stored in a database to grant entry if they match.  Also, it blocks access if they don’t match.

 

Types of the Finger Sensors

 

A Laptop PC Verifying a User by Fingerprint

Fig 2: A Laptop PC Verifying a User by Fingerprint

Source; Wikipedia 

 

The essential operation of all fingerprint sensors is obtaining an image of an individual’s fingerprint. It then runs through its database for a match.

Here’s a look at four types of fingerprint sensors.

 

Optical Scanners

 

These sensors take a visual image or photocopy of the finger using a digital camera. They’ll often illuminate the finger to obtain a better contrast of lines. At the same time, the light-sensitive microchip or image sensor records the data to generate a digital image

 

Capacitive or CMOS Scanners

 

CMOS scanners use electricity to obtain fingerprint patterns. They have a touch-capacitive surface that detects ridges through a change in capacitance. Furthermore, it detects fingerprint valleys as they’ll produce no change in charge.

 

Ultrasonic Fingerprint Scanners

 

Ultrasonic sensors rely on the sending and reception of sound waves. Ridges and valleys reflect sound differently, allowing the ultrasonic sensors to create a 3D image of your fingerprint. 

 

Thermal Scanners

 

Thermal sensors rely on the temperature difference between the contact (ridge) and non-contact (valley) points of your fingerprint. 

 

Finger Sensor Construction Forms

 

Close Up of Finger Sensor of Polygraph on Male Finger

Fig 3: Close Up of Finger Sensor of Polygraph on Male Finger

 

Here are two fingerprint sensor construction forms. 

 

Stagnant

 

In the stagnant form, you drag your finger across the small sensor scanning area. It’s cheaper, captures less ideal images, and is unreliable compared to the moving form.

 

Moving

 

You place your finger on the scanning area as the scanner runs underneath in the moving form. And it captures superior images since the scanner moves across at a constant speed.

 

Application of Finger Sensors

 

Fig 4: Hands Show the Fingerprint Scanner Screen to Access Online Banking

Fig 4: Hands Show the Fingerprint Scanner Screen to Access Online Banking

 

 

How Does a Fingerprint Scanner Work with Remote Access?

 

Fingerprint Scanner on Mobile Phone Screen

Fig 5: Fingerprint Scanner on Mobile Phone Screen

 

There are scenarios whereby your fingerprint sensor fails to detect and identify your finger. It may be due to a glitch, or your hands are wet. 

Consequently, manufacturers anticipate such scenarios and give you alternative access to your destination or device. 

However, there are times when you forget your device’s code and can’t unlock it by pin codes, passwords, or patterns. Therefore, the only option for Android and iOS devices is to reset the lock screen pins and passwords remotely. 

You’ll only need to log in to a remote server and scan your fingerprints locally. The biometrics will then automatically transfer the data to the server. It’ll unlock your device if it gets that your fingerprint matches those in the database.

 

Conclusion

 

Fingerprint sensors are fast, have higher accuracy, improved security, and greater convenience. Also, you can design one to find your security needs. 

And, if you’re planning on using a fingerprint sensor in your project and need assistance, contact us